Rajarhat, also called New Town, is the newest township being developed on the north-eastern fringes of Kolkata city. Calcutta Polo Club is the world’s first Polo club in the world. KOLKATA (formerly Calcutta) is a very old city in India. Some of the sites near Kolkata offer tourists a sense of tranquility, whereas others offer them a glimpse into the life of the tribal people from the region. Mohun Bagan club was also associated with India's freedom struggle. Kolkata is also known as the "City of Palaces", there is the privately owned Marble Palace, a nineteenth-century Neoclassical mansion housing artwork, the Victoria Memorial, the British built memorial to Queen Victoria is made of white Makrana marble from Rajasthan. Kolkata City Information. Earlier known as Calcutta, the city was founded in 1698 and served as the capital of British India till 1911 and then was shifted to Delhi. The city proves to be joyful for the ones who have decided to set up their business here, or have come to work in the city. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal state so there are many government buildings and Kolkata is also one business center of this part of India. KOLKATA: Kolkata’s Kalighat temple may soon get a golden crown and join the league of other famous temples located across India known to have spectacular gold crowns. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. The civic body, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, was established in 1876 and is responsible for city’s infrastructure, civic amenities, and administration. The location of the city appears to have been originally selected partly because of its easily defensible position and partly because of its favourable trading location. So, moving to Kolkata and staying there wouldn’t be a bad choice. Cultural activities dominate the city, so industries promoting art and culture also prevail here. It is where the headquarters of multiple financial institutions are located – from the Bombay Stock Exchange, Reserve Bank of India, National Stock Exchange, and the Mint, to Indian business giants such as the Tata Group, Aditya Birla Group, Essel Group and Reliance Industries. Kolkata is also home to one of the oldest squash and rackets clubs in the world - the Calcutta Racket Club, founded in 1793. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. She has been working with various local service providers at servicesutra. Kolkata is of one the top city in India, the city is also known for its culture, traditions and job opportunities that welcomes expats & students for jobs and education. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. Being the major metropolitan city in the East, Kolkata has always shared its fair part of the limelight, owing to the rich cultural heritage surrounding the state, and also it is a major port city since the times of the British. This time becomes one of the best times to visit Kolkata. Apart from these English is also commonly understood and spoken by all educated people in this township. About Kolkata The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the important metropolitan cities in India. : [ Open] 2. List of dry days in Kolkata 2021. However, the name Kolkata has derived from the word ‘Kolikata’, which was one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. Kolkata is also called the “Cultural Capital of India” as it is one of the most important cultural centers in the country. Kolkata is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.. Kolkata (Bengali:কলকাতা) [] (formerly Calcutta) is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India (after Mumbai).If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. Kolkata is known as the City of Palaces because of the number of buildings built by the British Raj during the 19th century. The Howrah Bridge is not just an identity of the city, but it’s also one of the largest cantilever bridges in the world, and the largest and perhaps the only one in India. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, IndiaNetzone - Kolkata, Indian City, West Bengal, India Video - Kolkata City - A Short Trip, Kolkata - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kolkata - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It is an 'in your face' city that shocks and charms the unsuspecting visitor. Kolkata Sightseeing. The Royal Calcutta Golf Club is the first golf club ever outside the United Kingdom. The city is also a major hub for the information technology industry in India. 1. Take a look of the list here and make your plans accordingly. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. It has kept intact its unique identity over decades. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. Factories, motor vehicles, and thermal-generating stations, which burn coal, are primary causes of this pollution, but monsoon winds act as cleansing agents by bringing in fresh air masses and also hastening the removal of water pollution. Now also known as Tagore museum, it is dedicated to the life and works of the Nobel Laureate and the Bengal Renaissance. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. Ballygunge is also one of the posh areas in Kolkata. This Kolkata Event Will Live From 25th To 26th December 2020. City of Palaces. Again it’s the third largest Urban economy of India. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? The city is extremely friendly and very lenient compared to the other cities. People from other states wouldn’t even find it difficult to communicate because there are many non-Bengali habitats living in many parts of the city. Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. Also read: Dry Days In Kolkata 2020, Stock Up For Your Parties Accordingly. The Khidderpore port in Kolkata is India’s only riverine port and also the oldest port in the country. When she is not occupied, you can find her watching home improvement and moving related videos on youtube. It is warm year-round, with average high temperatures ranging from about 80 °F (27 °C) in December and January to nearly 100 °F (38 °C) in April and May. Kolkata In Movies . Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. 4. I was born and brought up here in Kolkata. The … Literacy rate in Kolkata is 87.14%, which is far better than national average of 74%. Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles (5 to 8 km) wide on either bank of the river. Omissions? The city is centred on the east bank of the Hugli (Hooghly) River, once the main channel of the Ganges (Ganga) River, about 96 miles (154 km) upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal; there the port city developed as a point of transshipment from water to land and from river to sea. Kolkata, also known as “The City of Joy” is the capital of the state of West Bengal in India. It is the state capital of West Bengal. Kolkata is also known for having India’s first underground rail metro service. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. But the British called it Calcutta. Kolkata is one of the largest cities in India, but unlike the other large metropolis, this northeast Indian city, capital of Bengal, has an identity and character all its own. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners. Updates? It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". But other than Kolkata’s economical qualities, scenic beauty, and other attractions, it is necessary for one to know the other basic and important facts about the city. 77.68% of the total populations in Kolkata are of Hindus, followed by Muslims (20.27%) and Christians (0.88%).Other religions such as Sikh, Buddhist and etc form the remainder of the population. The metropolitan city of Kolkata is not just well-known for its roshogollas, mishit dohi, trams, Howrah Bridge and Victoria memorial, but also for its inexpensive nature. The other two villages were known as Sutanuti and Govindapur. 1. This city is also known as city of joy. Professor of Geography, University of Mumbai. It is a city made by the British Empire; it was the capital of British India from 1773 to 1911. The winter months, from about the end of November to the end of February, are pleasant and rainless; fogs and mists occasionally reduce visibility in the early morning hours at this season, as also do thick blankets of smog in the evenings. Introduction KolkataKolkata ,, formerly known asformerly known as CalcuttaCalcutta, is the capital of the, is the capital of the IndianIndian state ofstate of West BengalWest Bengal.. It is the headquarters of the district, and also the headquarters of the Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district. Introduction KolkataKolkata,, formerly known asformerly known as CalcuttaCalcutta, is the capital of the, is the capital of the IndianIndian state ofstate of West BengalWest Bengal.. The area covers 4 municipal corporations along with 37 municipalities. The Salt Lake stadiumin Kolkata is the second largest football stadium in the world, in terms of seating capacity. Someone once said, “Kolkata is the best city to fall in love, it is a beautiful city and people there have time for something as precious as love”. During Durga Puja, the city becomes a city of a huge crowd who join for celebrating Durga Puja. Satellite view is showing Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), capital of India's West Bengal state, a major river port and the third most populous city in India (after Delhi and Mumbai). It has also been called the literary capital of India, having been home to many of the country’s leading literary figures. The Birla Planetarium in Kolkatais the largest planetarium in Asia, and the second largest in the world. Kolkata, also known as City of Joy, is the capital of West Bengal. Kolkata even today is famous for its ports located by the sea side and serves to be a great tourist attraction one of its kind. Test your knowledge of big cities and their features. Also, this city is the capital of West Bengal. Kolkata served as the British capital till 1912, before it was shifted to Delhi. The city is home to the oldest and the widest banyan tree in the world.Known as The Great Banyan Tree, you can catch a glimpse of this at Kolkata’s … This time becomes one of the best times to visit Kolkata. Kolkata is also nick […] If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London. States . Dakshineswar Kali Temple. After reading the astonishing, and the unknown facts about the “city of joy”, most of the people from the other states who were hesitating to settle in Kolkata, will change their mind. Obelisks, skyscrapers, and carnivals are just a few of the fixtures that make these cities famous. Overall education system in Kolkata is at par when compared with the other metro cities. The city is located near the Bay of Bengal in the north east of the country on the left banks of the Hooghly River, a major distributary of the Ganges. Kolkata, which is often called the city of joy is one great destination which is rich in many monuments which reflects the beauty of the glorious past. On a dry day, liquor shops remain closed. college street or ‘Boi Para’ (Colony of Books). The atmospheric pollution has greatly increased since the early 1950s. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 6. Area city, 40 square miles (104 square km); urban agglom., 533 square miles (1,380 square km). Kolkata has also experienced some of the very well-known monarchial as well as bureaucratic rules, which have profoundly influenced its culture. It was founded on 15 August 1889 and is one of India's top football clubs. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. After the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair,Kolkata Book fair is recognized as the world’s largest conglomeration of books and Asia’s largest book fair. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions. Installation of a … Spread over an area of 35000 sq m, it houses the Rabindra Bharati University. In 2001 the government of West Bengal officially changed the name of the city to Kolkata. Ballygunge – One of Posh Areas in Kolkata. Kolkata is India’s second largest city and is among one of the four metropolitan cities of India. 5. Elina is a passionate blogger. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal). The city is also home to several special economic zones (SEZ) and IT parks. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Along with the main port of communication for North east India ,it is the primary business, commercial and financial hub of Eastern India. The city doesn’t lack in education, health facilities, housing, transportation, and other important facilities. 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